Sleep my children, do your duty. . . To the light of freedom he has arrived.
sleep in the silent depths of the sea or in the bed of hollowed turf.
until you hear at dawn the low clear target touch of God.
The poem is inscribed on the monument to the Pacific War Dead, in Corregidor, Philippines. The huge war memorial Pacific domed in Corregidor resembles a parachute time of the Second World War, from the parallel lines running down the side of the dome of a hole right at its center. The memorial shrine was funded by the US and is positioned such that the May 6 almost all year, the high noon sun shines directly through the hole falls straight right in the middle of the altar round marble dedicated to fallen soldiers in the last war.
Corregidor comes from the Spanish word "Correct", ie to correct. One story says that because the Spanish system wherein all ships entering Manila Bay were required to stop and have their documents checked and corrected, the island was named "Corregidor Island" (Island of correction) . Another version claims that the criminal or correctional island was used by the Spanish and came to be called "The Corregidor".
Early and pre-Hispanic times, it was probably inhabited by fishermen and no doubt provided a base for pirates who could easily launch an attack against any vessel entering Manila Bay. During the Spanish era, this tadpole-shaped island was a signal station where bonfires were lit to alert Manila of a homecoming galleons. Later, the Spaniards built a lighthouse on the island.
The big guns of Corregidor in 1941 were used in support of the defenders of Filipino and American Bataan until the island itself was invaded by Japanese forces. The restless strokes by Japanese guns including intermittent bombings reduced its defenses and forced their surrender. The January 22, 1945, Corregidor was once again caught in the fury of war as the Americans retook the island after a bloody battle.
After more than 50 years, Filipinos and American veterans, still remember their history memory of the fall of Corregidor to the Japanese.
However, not only did the fall of Corregidor left a footprint on war veterans, wars also left them many serious problems and diseases. Memory problems, chronic fatigue, depression, stress and other mysterious ailments and mental disorders are one of the issues that affect thousands of veterans.
A significant problem that is common among war veterans is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). During World War I, PTSD was named "shell shock" and in World War II, known as "combat fatigue." After the Vietnam War, it was often mistakenly called the Post Vietnam Syndrome. In fact, understanding and effective treatment of PTSD were actually described in the psychiatric literature long before the Vietnam War. A psychiatrist at Harvard Medical School, Dr. Eric Lindemann at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, was the first to report on the systematic management of PTSD. It did work after the Coconut Grove fire and tragedy in the 1940s.
A significant number of soldiers suffer lingering distress of the trauma they suffered while abroad. And the trauma can stay with them for the rest of their lives, preventing them from sleeping normally, facing large crowds, focus or commit to a relationship, or even looking at a simple garbage bag without worrying that a bomb might It is hidden inside.
PTSD can be seen as an overwhelming of the body's normal psychological defenses against stress. Therefore, after the trauma, there is an abnormal function (dysfunction) of the normal defense systems, resulting in certain symptoms. Symptoms occur in three ways: (1) re-experiencing the trauma, (2) persistent avoidance and (3) increased arousal.
Fortunately today, unlike 50 years ago, support is available for military personnel suffering from PTSD. Acting on lessons learned from World War II and other conflicts, military agencies and other governments in countries like the United States have focused on early intervention of PTSD among soldiers in active service. They offer counseling to prepare service members for service abroad and send teams of chaplains and other mental health staff in the field.
In fact, it is comforting to know that different methods of treatment for PTSD are highly effective. Doctors Moreover, they are not trained with experience in handling the difficult problems of posttraumatic stress. But, of course, we hope we'll never have to experience a repeat of the appalling tragedy of senseless lawsuits like what happened in the fall of Corregidor.